HIV prevalence is particularly high in Mozambique, and in 2018, an estimated 2.2 million people were living with HIV in the country. Prevalence is estimated to be at 12.6%, the eighth highest in the world, and is most common in the southern part of the country. In young women aged 15 to 24, the estimated HIV prevalence rate is 7.2%, compared to a prevalence rate of 3% among young men in the same age group.
The families affected by HIV and AIDS are chronically unable to meet basic household food needs adequately because adults become ill, die or must provide increasing care for ill relatives or orphans. It is for this reason that nearly half of the people with HIV living in poor urban areas have a high prevalence of food insecurity. It is therefore important to ensure that people who test positive for HIV have immediate access to HIV services, including good nutrition.